Syarahan Umum oleh Dr. Edward McGinnis, Deputy Assistant Security for International Nuclear Energy Policy and Cooperation, U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Nuclear Energy, United States of America akan diadakan seperti berikut:
Tarikh: 2 Februari 2012 (Khamis)
Masa: 8.30 pagi
Tempat: Bilik Persidangan, Fakulti Sains dan Teknologi, UKM
Tajuk: Global Use of Nuclear Energy: Challenges and Opportunities. Brosur.
NUCLEAR LECTURE COURSES IN
BY TOKYO-TECH AND HITACHI,
29 January–04 February 2013, UKM, Bangi ; Brosur
The Malaysian Nuclear Society (MNS), established 1988, welcomes the decision in the 2009 budget speech that Malaysia will be “exploring nuclear energy… to ensure long term energy security of the nation.”
Thank you in advance for supporting the myNuSTEC2014
2. One Day Workshop on "Radiation Shielding Modelling Monte Carlo; Date (tent.) - 10 Nov 2014; Ven. - UTM, Skudai Johor; contact : firstname.lastname@example.org
3. Half-Day Seminar on "Nuclear Power Action 1 for Malaysia"; Date(tent) : Nov 2013; Venue - Hotel Residence (tentative); contact MNS Secretary (email@example.com) 4. MNS AGM 25 : Date : Sept 2013; Venue - TBA ; contact MNS Secretary (firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com)
5. Welding Engineer Course 12 Sept - 07 Oct 2013; based on ISO and JWES Standards.
The Obama administration last week sent to Congress the text of a bilateral nuclear cooperation agreement signed last week by the United States and Vietnam. If lawmakers do not object during an ensuing 90 days of continuous session and review, the agreement will then enter into force.
Some critics argue that unless this agreement is renegotiated, the United States would take a step back in its global nonproliferation leadership role and thereby ease the way for Vietnam and other states to develop nuclear weapons capabilities. They note that four years ago the United Arab Emirates formally committed itself in a new bilateral nuclear pact with the U.S. not to enrich uranium or reprocess spent fuel. Thus, the argument goes, the lack of this provision in the agreement with Vietnam undercuts the UAE and signals to others that the U.S. is not steadfast.Mark Hibbs Because uranium enrichment and reprocessing (ENR) can be used for both peaceful and non-peaceful aims, the future expansion of these capabilities should be limited. But the contexts for the UAE and Vietnam agreements are very different. Congress should not stand in the way of the Vietnam agreement on nonproliferation grounds. The UAE is one of a tiny number of countries which is immensely endowed with energy fuels, and its nuclear power aims therefore prompted suspicions because conflicting states in its neighborhood for decades secretly developed ENR capabilities. In light of this background, it made sense for the UAE to formally forego ENR in persuading foreign technology holders that it could be trusted with nuclear power.
The State Department’s architects of the U.S.-UAE agreement understood that the UAE case was unique and did not argue that its terms should be a global template for all future such agreements. Vietnam shows why. First, Vietnam has a good nonproliferation record. For decades Hanoi has been a member of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) and has hosted safeguards inspections from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) without a blemish. In 2007, as its nuclear power ambitions were emerging, Hanoi concluded a so-called Additional Protocol with the IAEA, providing further assurance that all of Vietnam’s nuclear activities are declared and peaceful. A year later Vietnam enacted legislation formally banning the development of nuclear weapons and all forms of nuclear proliferation. Vietnam is a member of a regional nuclear weapons-free zone. It is a party to the global nuclear test ban treaty. And for good measure, in 2012 and 2013 Hanoi joined international conventions on nuclear safety and nuclear security. This week in New York, during a meeting of 190 NPT parties preparing for a five-year treaty review, Vietnam delivered a statement underscoring in detail its commitments and obligations in these areas. There are no reasons to doubt them. Second, it is highly unlikely that Vietnam will resort to nuclear hedging out of regional political concerns. None of its Southeast Asian neighbors—bar China—are nuclear-armed, nor have they flirted with clandestine or exotic nuclear research and development programs. None are interested in uranium enrichment or reprocessing. The officials in charge of Vietnam’s nuclear program likewise have consistently reiterated since the 1990s that they have no interest in developing ENR capabilities. The text of the cooperation agreement in fact expressly makes that point. Earlier this week, China set up an oil rig in a show of force in disputed waters off the coast of Vietnam, leading to an official protest from Hanoi including vows that Vietnam would defend its interests. Doesn’t that underscore the possibility that Vietnam might reach for nuclear weapons capabilities to hedge against Chinese power in the South China Sea? Hardly. The completed nuclear cooperation agreement with the U.S. is one of a number of bilateral initiatives in recent years to forge closer political and economic ties. The nuclear agreement politically commits Hanoi to obtain nuclear reactor fuel it needs from the international market—not produce the material itself. With China raising the stakes in the region, Hanoi will have no interest in abrogating legal or political commitments it has made to Washington in that document. Unlike the UAE, Vietnam wants nuclear energy because it has few domestic energy resources to spare. There are no grounds to suspect Vietnam of ulterior motives. If the bilateral nuclear cooperation agreement is not accepted by Congress, Vietnam can partner instead with others including Russia, which has already agreed to build Vietnam’s first two power reactors. The recent Sino-Vietnamese confrontation over the site of an oil platform should therefore alert both the Administration and Congress that the concluded nuclear agreement should be viewed as an opportunity for U.S. government and industry to contribute to Vietnam’s energy security—not a counterproductive bilateral bone of contention. Nuke deal with Vietnam good for US. ________________________________
Japan and Vietnam sign cooperation deal Jan 21, 2011 02:59 pm
Source: WNN; Category: Nuclear Applications
Japan and Vietnam have signed an agreement for cooperation in the development and use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes. The accord follows the announcement in October 2010 that Vietnam had selected Japan as a partner for cooperation in the construction of nuclear power plants. Under the agreement, Vietnam and Japan will cooperate in areas including: research and application
of radioactive isotopes and radiation; the design, construction and operation of light water reactors; nuclear safety and security; the transportation, storage, processing and disposal of radioactive wastes; the development of
human resources; development of a legal system for the use of nuclear energy;
and the exploration and mining of uranium resources. According to Tanizaki, the agreement will create the necessary legal framework and conditions for Japanese and Vietnamese nuclear energy-related agencies, organizations and enterprises to conduct activities and investment cooperation within the framework of the agreement.
Vietnam on the go again.
It had signed contract for two power reactors,and a research reactor with Russia.
Now two more reactors from Japan with the American back-ups.
But where are we now......
From Prof Noramly Muslim
Nuclear power is viableBy: (Oct 04, 2010)
(letter to editor, pulished in the sundaily) I REFER to "Public not consulted on nuclear energy plan" (Letters, Sept 27). The decision by the Merkel government to go ahead with the plan for extending the operation of 17 nuclear reactors in Germany 12 more years was not well-received by anti-nuclear movements. Beyond that obvious effect, however, we need to look at the ramifications of that decision in a different light.
The extension will give ample time for other energy resources, notably renewables, to attain maturity to undertake the task of supplying bulk power.
Currently, renewable energy, even in industrialised country supplies a small percentage of their needs.
The extension also means a vindication of positive scientific and engineering progress made in nuclear reactor safety. Like all of us, engineers, scientists, and researchers also learn from mistakes and improve the next generation of products and services. The same is true for nuclear power reactors.
Growth is strongly dependent on energy consumption. With the aspiration to become an advanced country with high income, Malaysia’s energy consumption too is expected to increase. But we are fortunate because our energy need coincides with the improved safety record of nuclear power generation and the growing realisation the world over that nuclear energy is a viable and secure source of energy. We should not miss that opportunity.
The relevant authorities need to institute more public forums involving the general public. However, if consultation and participation means the right to reject, rather than the right to view genuine concern, then the real objective of public participation is lost and nothing is gained.
Nahrul Khair Alang Md Rashid President, Malaysian Nuclear Society
The president of Belarus has helped bury a capsule at the site of the country's planned new nuclear power plant at Ostrovets, marking a significant occasion in that country's journey towards energy independence.
President Alexander Lukashenko placed the capsule, which had been crafted by local seventh grade students and two young workers from construction company Belenergostroya, inside a rock at the construction site. He then helped fix a plaque over the capusle with a message for future generations: "This marks the establishment of nuclear energy - a significant step in strengthening the energy security of the country, and a powerful incentive for accelerating scientific and technological progress and innovation."
The message added, "We are sure that we have taken the right decision in building a nuclear power plant, which embodies the best ideas and achievements of a scientific world, and which will ensure dynamic economic growth and improve the welfare of the people in the region." It was signed by President Lukashenko.
Lukashenko emplaces the capsule (Image: President's website)
Belarus is dependent on Russian gas for much of its energy needs - a dependency the country aims to reduce. The reactors to be built at the Ostrovets plant will also be supplied by Russia: two VVER 1200 units provided by main contractor Atomstroyexport. However, the addition of 2400 MWe of nuclear generating capacity represents an important diversification of electricity supply for the currently non-nuclear country. Belarus' total generating capacity currently stands at only about 8000 MWe.
The general contract for the units was signed in July, following about three years of negotiation. A price tag of $10 billion has been associated with the deal, which will rely heavily upon the use of local contractors. Although groundwork has already commenced at the site, the pouring of concrete for the first unit is slated to take place by late 2013 and the unit should start generating electricity in 2018.
As Ukraine's presidential election approaches, hopeful candidate Yulia Tymoshenko has embarked on a remarkable pro-nuclear campaigning spree. Earlier this week Tymoshenko, who is the current prime minister, paid a visit to the nuclear-industrial complex in the Zaporizhzh oblast
31 March 2010
Category: news (Nuclear Applications)
The USA has signed with Vietnam for increased cooperation in the peaceful use of nuclear energy. America's memorandum of understanding (MoU) with Vietnam was signed in Hanoi yesterday by Le Dinh Tien, Vietnam's deputy minister of science and technology, and Michael Michalak, US Ambassador to the country. In a statement, the US Department of State said, "This MoU will open the door for increased cooperation in such areas as the development of human resources and safety and security infrastructure, access to reliable sources of nuclear fuel, and the management of radioactive waste and used fuel." It added, "Vietnam has demonstrated its commitment to the responsible expansion of nuclear power through careful steps taken in cooperation with the United States, among other international partners, towards the development of the robust nuclear infrastructure needed to oversee the deployment of its first nuclear power plants over the coming decades." For more : Read the Article:http://www.world-nuclear-news.org/NP-USA_and_Vietnam_agree_to_nuclear_cooperation-3103104.html?jmid=12415&
Overview of Nuclear Energy in Uruguay
Eng. Alvaro Bermudez
Uruguay´s overall energy situation is in line with its consumption, one of the lowest in Latin America. In the past 25 years, different democratic governments have made only reduced efforts regarding electricity generation, but they have developed an intensive policy in trying to secure international investment with diverse success. The most important industrial venture in the country´s history is the recent BOTNIA cellulose manufacturing plant under the control of the Finish UPM. This venture had to change its ambitious initial project because of a lack of long term energy resources and turn to a self-generating energy scheme for its wood process transformation, with the resulting reduction of production scope.
Every year the government has to discourage electrical energy consumption due to its incapacity to offer a secure energy supply especially during droughts because of the hydraulic dependence of the national energy matrix. For many years access to energy imports from bordering countries has been the solution and it has already caused 1 billion dollars expenditures in 2008 to satisfy a modest demand of a pre-industrial country.
The limitations mainly come from its lack of own energy resources given Uruguay does not possess carbon deposits, nor natural gas, nor petroleum to the date and past generations have smartly developed hydroelectrical resources to their limits. In the past 10 years an increase of native energy resources has been attempted in the areas of generation and liquid fuel with low results until now. Anyway, the maximum exploitation of these resources is insufficient regarding the national territory and its productive areas from the energy point of view, if we are thinking about a policy to increase industrialization, written in a regional economic productive context in areas clear expansion.
Therefore, the extreme dependence on international energy prices and similar problems in neighboring countries, led the country to study nuclear energy as a long and medium term potential solution. Being able to count on a steady generation independent from adverse climatic variables plus the reduction of the onerous energy import, could lead the way to a local economy takeoff. The former administration created a multipartisan commission, of which I am a part, to study the possible nuclear energy generation as an option, according to the rules suggested by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) that would be a part of the 2010 national budget.
The national debate had been already established during my role at the National Direction of Energy and Nuclear Technology in the early 2000s. The alternatives of having a nuclear reactor based in natural or enriched uranium plus its capacity and location are matter of discussion in the media and have generated related literature. It would be also necessary to take into account the offer of the Russian Federation related to midterm solutions in barges with a nuclear generation limited capacity that has interested the present president and is included in the opposition party´s program.